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足球指数球指数:文都四級背單詞練聽力 unit2

該聽力由文都英語友情提供。

Unit Two詞頻大于14次小于20次

accident n. 事故,意外

例:His left knee was hurt in a traffic accident. 他的左膝在一次交通事故中受傷了。by accident 偶然,意外的:We met by accident at the airport. 我們在機場不期而遇。拓展:accidental a. 事故的,意外的

聽力擴展:

A: I’m so sorry I failed to take part in the match yesterday, but I wasn’t able to, I’m afraid.

B: Well, don’t you think it’s a bit late to be sorry now?

A:I know that, but there was very little I could do about it.

B: It’s all very well saying that there was very little you could do about it, but because of you we lost the game!

A: Yes, I heard, and I am sorry, but there was an accident on the way and I got stuck in the traffic.

B: But why the hell didn’t you phone us to let us know?

A:很抱歉我沒有參加昨天的比賽,但是恐怕我當時沒法參加。

B :哦,難道你不認為現在道歉有點晚了嗎?

A:我知道,但是我當時真是無能為力。

B:說起來好聽,你當時無能為力,但是就因為你我們輸掉了比賽。

A:是的,我聽說了,我很抱歉。但是當時在路上碰上了一樁交通事故,我陷入交通堵塞了。

B:但是你為什么不打電話告訴我們呢?

account v. 解釋;n. 記述,描述

例:In English law a man is accounted innocent until he is proved guilty. 根據英國法律, 一個人未經證實有罪仍視為無罪。His illness accounts for his absence. 他因為生病,所以才缺席。搭配:account for 解釋:The poor weather may account for the small crowd. 天氣不好可能是人來的少的原因。take into account 考慮:We should take this factor into account. 我們應該考慮這個因素。拓展:on account of 由于,因為:She retired early on account of ill health. 她體弱多病,所以提前退休。accountant n. 會計師

聽力擴展:

Husband: Hi, honey, here’s my last month’s salary.

Wife: OK, darling. How about this? From now on we’ll put all your salary into our savings account and set aside 20% of my salary as Daniel’s education fund.

Husband: That’s not a bad idea. But do you think the rest of your salary will be enough to cover our daily expenses?

Wife: I got a raise. Have you forgotten it? It should be OK.

Husband: Alright, dear. It’s up to you. I get a headache when it comes to figures.

Wife: That’s why you need a wife like me.

丈夫:親愛的,這是我上個月的工資。

妻子:好,親愛的。這樣吧,從現在開始,我們把你的工資都存到存折里,另外拿出我工資的20%作為丹尼爾的教育資金。

丈夫:這個主意不錯。但是你剩下的工資足夠支付日????

妻子:我加薪了,你忘了???應該差不多。

丈夫:好極了。你決定吧。提到數字我就頭疼。

妻子:這就是為什么你需要一個像我這樣的老婆了。

act v. ①扮演,表演 ②行動;n. ①行為 ②法令

例:Think well before you act. 三思而后行。Parliament has passed an act forbidding the killing of rare animals. 國會通過了一項法令, 禁止捕殺珍稀動物。搭配:act as 擔任,充當:Lucy acts as a monitor in her class. 露茜在班里當班長。act for 代表:John will act for his boss to have the meeting. 約翰將代表他老板參加會議。in the act of 正做……的過程中:He made great efforts in the act of saving the victims. 在救援過程中,他幫了大忙。拓展:action n. 行為,行動;acting n. 演技

聽力擴展:

W: Your child has aboveaverage ability in reading.

M: Really? I’ve seen her act like a professional on the soccer field, but I was worried about her performance in school.

W: Well, I was a little worried that she might be biting off more than she can chew. But she is doing OK.

M: Her mother and I don’t want her to bury her talents.

W: Your daughter is a can-do person but no person should overdo it.

M: I see your point, Ms. Johnson. I must say that your teaching is quite exceptional. With your perfect skill, you’ve brought the best out of our daughter.

女:你孩子的閱讀能力超群。

男:真的嗎?我曾看到她在足球場上表現得像個職業球員,可是我擔心她在學校的表現。

女:是啊,我也曾擔心她力不從心,可她確實做得不錯。

男:她的媽咪和我都不想埋沒了她的才能。

女:你的女兒是個能人,但別作過頭。

男:我明白你的意思,約翰遜小姐。我得說你的教學能力很強。你用完美的技巧完全把我女兒的潛能發揮出來了。

【注】bite off more than one can chew 力不從心;overdo it 作過頭;exceptional a. 杰出的

action n. ①行動 ②作用;v. 采取適當行動,采取措施

例: The action lasted three hours. 戰斗持續了三個小時。Your request will be actioned. 你的要求會處理的。搭配:take action 采取行動:Firefighters took action immediately to stop the blaze spreading. 消防隊員立即采取措施制止大火蔓延。in action 在活動中,在運轉:Just press the button to see your favorite character in action. 只要按一下電鈕,就可以欣賞你喜歡的角色的表演。into action 實行,實施:The new plan for traffic control is being put into action on an experimental basis. 新的交通管理方案正處于試運行階段。

聽力擴展:

A: There is a Beijing Opera show tonight. Let’s go and watch it together, all right?

B: I’m afraid that I don’t understand it.

A: It doesn’t matter. It’s an acrobatic fighting drama. Even if you dont understand the words, you can definitely understand it just by watching the action.

B: Are the actors famous?

A: I can’t recall their names, but according to the newspaper, they are all very famous.

B: Can you get the tickets?

A: No problem. I can definitely get them.

A:今天晚上有一場京劇,咱們一起去看吧!

B:我恐怕聽不懂吧。

A:沒關系,是武打戲。你聽不懂,一定看得懂。

B:演員出名嗎?

A:我說不出他們的名字。不過報紙上說,那些演員都挺有名的。

B:票買得到嗎?

A:沒問題,肯定買得到。

【注】acrobatic a. 雜技的

actually ad. 實際上,事實上

例:He seems to be doing nothing, but actually he is just biding his time. 他看上去無所事事, 其實卻在等待良機。This tree looks high and strong but actually its trunk is hollow. 這棵樹看起來又高又壯, 實際上樹干是空的。拓展:actual a. 實際的

聽力擴展:

A: Working for four hours at a stretch really makes me tired. Why can’t we have a break like many other companies? We need at least a tea break.

B: Our boss is dead nuts on work. Keeping on working and making money is what he has in his mind. Nothing else.

A: But we workers need a rest.

B:Actually in some other companies they also have the exercise to the radio broadcast. We need relaxation once in a while and only in this way can we work efficiently.

A: Yes, it is.

A:連續工作四小時確實令人疲憊不堪。為什么我們不能像其他公司那樣中間休息一下呢?至少得有喝茶的時間吧。

B:我們的老板是一個工作狂,他滿腦子想的都是工作和錢,別的什么都沒有。

A:但是我們員工需要休息。

B:實際上其他公司都有廣播操,我們有時需要放松一下,只有這樣才能更加有效率地工作。

A:的確是?!咀ⅰ縜t a stretch 連續的;dead nuts 工作狂

advertise v. 登廣告,為……做廣告

例:If you want to sell your product you must advertise it. 如果要推銷產品,就必須登廣告。I advertised him of my plan. 我告訴他我的計劃。搭配:advertise for… 登廣告(征詢)……:We are currently advertising for a new sales manager. 目前,我們公司公開征聘銷售經理。拓展:advertisement n. 廣告

afford v. ①負擔得起 ②提供,給予

例:These trees afford a pleasant shade. 這些樹提供了蔭涼。She felt she couldn’t afford any more time off work. 她覺得再也抽不出時間歇班了。搭配:can (can’t) afford to 承擔得起(承擔不起):We cannot afford to ignore this warning. 我們對這個警告不能等閑視之。

approach n. ①接近 ②途徑;v. 靠近,接近

例:All the approaches to the palace were guarded by troops. 通往宮殿的所有道路都有部隊把守。The time is approaching when we must think about buying a new house. 機會來了,我們該想想買新房的事了。搭配:at the approach of 隨著……的臨近:At the approach of the coming of spring, all plants begin to revive. 春天來了,萬物復蘇了。approach sb. for/about sth. 為某事同某人打交道:He approached the bank for a loan. 他向銀行申請貸款。拓展:approachable a. 可接近的,平易近人的

aspect n. ①方面 ②方位,方向

例:The historical aspect formed the main theme of her essay. 她的論文的主題是由歷史觀點貫穿起來的。On the course she received a thorough training in every aspect of the job. 在訓練班上, 她接受了有關這個工作的全方位的訓練。

聽力擴展: A woman was singing. One of the guests turned to a man by his side and criticized the singer. “What a terrible voice!” he said, “Do you know who she is?” “Yes,” was the answer, “She is my wife.” “Oh, I beg your pardon.” the man said, “Of course her voice isn’t bad. As to the song’s aspect, I wondered who wrote that awful song?” “I did.” was the answer.一個女人正在唱歌。 一位客人轉向他身邊的一個男人并批評這位女歌手。他說道,“多難聽的聲音??!”“你知道她是誰嗎?”“是的,”男子回答到,“她是我妻子?!薄疤彀?,實在是不好意思啊,”客人說道,“其實她的嗓音不錯,至于這首歌,我就納悶了誰寫出這么難聽的歌曲啊?!薄拔倚吹??!蹦腥嘶卮鸕??!咀ⅰ縞riticize v. 批評

assume v. ①假定,設想 ②承擔

例:She was in arrogance to assume she would win every time. 她認為每次都能贏,未免太自大了。I made a mistake and I will assume responsibility for it. 我錯了,我愿為此承擔責任。搭配:assume sb. to 以為,認為:I had assumed him to be an American. 我本以為他是美國人。拓展:assumption n. 假定,假設,(權力的)獲得

聽力擴展:

Kate: Mom, do you assume what Im going to give you for your birthday?

Mom: No, Honey. What?

Kate: A nice teapot.

Mom: But I’ve got a nice teapot.

Kate: No, you haven’t. I’ve just dropped it.

凱特:媽媽,你知道我要給你一件什么生日禮物嗎?

媽媽:不知道,寶貝,是什么呀?

凱特:一把漂亮的茶壺。

媽媽:可是我已經有一把漂亮的茶壺了呀。

凱特:不,沒有了。我剛剛把它給摔碎了?!咀ⅰ縯eapot n. 茶壺

attach v. ①附上,系上,貼上 ②使依戀

例:This middle school is attached to a teachers-college. 這所中學附屬于一所師范院校。We are much attached to each other. 我們之間感情深厚。搭配:attach sth. to 附在……上:Attach the coupon to the front of your letter. 把優惠券附在信的正面。attach sb. to 參與,參加:He attached himself to me at the party and I couldn’t get rid of him. 在聚會上他老是纏著我,我簡直無法擺脫他。拓展:attachment n.①依戀,愛慕 ②附件

聽力擴展: Everyone needs friendship. No one can sail the ocean of life single-handed. We need help from, and also give help to, others. In the modern age, people attach more importance to relations and connections. A man of charisma has many friends. His power lies in his ability to give. The term friend covers a wide range of meanings. It can be a nodding acquaintance, a comrade, a confident, a partner, a playmate, a brother, an intimate etc. As life is full of strife and conflict, we need friends to support and help us out of difficulties. Our friends give us warnings against danger. True friends share not only joy but, more often than not, they share sorrow.人人都需要友誼,沒有人能獨自在人生的海洋中航行。我們給予幫助,同時也需要幫助。如今,人們更重視關系和聯系。一個有領袖氣質的人有許多朋友,他的權力在于他的給予能力。朋友的意義很廣,可以是熟人、同志、知己、伙伴、玩伴、兄弟、密友等。生活充滿矛盾和斗爭,我們需要朋友的支持,以幫助我們擺脫困境。朋友提醒我們警惕險難。真正的朋友不僅與我們同甘,而且共苦?!咀ⅰ縞harisma n. 超凡魅力;more often than not往往

attitude n. ①態度,看法 ②姿勢

例:It’s not his work that bothers me; its his attitude. 困擾我的不是他的工作,而是他的態度。Don’t give me your attitude. 別跟我擺架子。搭配:take an attitude towards/to 對……的看法:He takes a mellow attitude to life. 他對生活有成熟的看法。

聽力擴展:One old person complained to the doctor that his right ear was giving him trouble; he couldn’t hear. So the doctor checked, checked, checked, listened, listened and said, “Oh, you know your ear trouble is an old age problem. Your ear is getting old. That’s why you can’t hear.” So the patient said with a bad attitude, “Nonsense, the left ear is just as old.”有個老人向醫生抱怨右耳有問題,聽不見。醫生檢查又檢查、聽了又聽,然后說:“哦!你知道嗎?你耳朵有毛病是因為年老的關系,你的右耳已經老化了,所以才聽不到?!輩∪頌卻致車廝檔潰骸昂?!我的左耳也一樣老呀!”【注】complain v. 抱怨

attract v. 吸引,引起……的注意

例:The flower show attracted large crowds this year. 今年的花展吸引了大批觀眾。搭配:attract sb.(to sb./sth.) 吸引,使喜歡: What attracted me to her was her sense of humour. 吸引我的是她的幽默感。拓展:attractive a. 吸引人的

average n. 平均數;a. 普通的,平常的

例:Rainfall this year exceeded the yearly average. 今年的雨量超過了年平均降雨量。搭配:on (the/an) average 平均,一般來說:In winter, the temperature here is 2℃ on average. 冬天,這里的平均溫度是2攝氏度。averagely a. 平均地,一般地

聽力擴展: The average cost of saving one seal was $80,000. At a special ceremony, two of the most expensively-saved animals were released into the wild among cheers and applause from people. A minute later, a killer whale ate them both.救援每只海豹的平均費用達到8萬美元。在一個特別的儀式上,有兩只花巨款拯救回來的海豹,在人們的歡呼和掌聲中被放回大自然。一分鐘后,它們雙雙被殺人鯨吞入肚中?!咀ⅰ縭elease v. 釋放,解放;applause n. 掌聲

belief n. ①相信 ②信念,信仰

例:There was a happy chime of belief and practice in everything she said. 她所說的每一件事都體現了信仰和行動的完美和諧。His firmness on his belief supported him in difficulties. 困境中,他堅定的信仰支撐著他。搭配:beyond belief 令人難以置信:Dissatisfaction with the government has grown beyond belief. 對政府的不滿已經達到令人難以置信的程度。

聽力擴展: An ass once found a lion’s skin. He put it on and his belief was that others would be scared, then he walked towards the village. All fled when he came near, both men and animals. The ass felt quite proud. He lifted his voice and shouted, but then everyone knew him. His owner came up and gave him a sound whipping. Shortly afterwards, a fox came up to him and said, “Ah, I knew it was you by your voice.”有頭驢發現一張獅子皮,他披著它,心想其他人一定會怕他,然后走進村莊。所有的人和動物見到他走過來都逃走了。驢感到很得意,他高聲地嘶叫,卻被人認了出來。他的主人跑過來打了他一頓。不久,一只狐貍也跑過來,對他說:“哦,你一張嘴我就知道你是驢?!薄咀ⅰ縲hip v. 鞭打

benefit v. 有益于,得益;n. ①益處,好處 ②救濟金

例:This project is of great benefit to everyone. 這項工程對每個人都大有好處。Are you entitled to unemployment benefit? 你有資格領取失業救濟金嗎?搭配:benefit from從……中受益:I have benefited a lot from extensive reading. 泛讀令我受益匪淺。for the benefit of 為了(……的好處):Parents are always thinking for the benefit of their children. 父母總是為孩子著想。拓展:beneficial a. 有益的,受益的

聽力擴展:

A: I really like what you have, but the price for this product is much higher than we expected. Im absolutely not a buyer at that price.

B: I know it is not the cheapest on the market. But if you take the quality factor into consideration, you will find your company will benefit in the long term. This device is built in with the most advanced technology. Every aspect has reached the international standard.

A: Err, well, I can’t decide right now. Do you mind if I have a small internal discussion on this first? I will tell you our decision this afternoon.

A:我真的很喜歡你們的產品,但是價格比我們想象的要高,我無法接受這個價格。

B:我知道我們的產品不是市場上最便宜的,但是從產品質量的角度考慮,從長遠觀點來看貴公司定會受益。我們使用了最先進的技術,各方面都達到了國際標準。

A:嗯,我現在不能決定,我先內部討論一下你不介意吧?今天下午告訴你我們的決定。

brand n. 牌子,類型;v. 打烙印,銘記

例:She’s gone over to a milder brand of cigarettes. 她已改抽另一牌子、味道較淡的香煙。These frightful experiences are branded on his memory. 這些可怕的經歷深深地印入他的記憶。搭配:brand new 全新的,嶄新的:This is a brand new computer. 這是一臺全新的計算機。brand sb. as sth. 丑化,敗壞名聲:They were branded as liars and cheats. 他們被說成是說謊者和騙子。brander n. 打烙印的人

聽力擴展:

A: I think that would be a good idea. Price is an important variable in our market, so we can use it to build our customer base. If our customers get hooked on the low introductory price, they will buy and become more loyal to our brand. Later on, when we hit a record and have a good customer base, we can increase the price.

B: That sounds like a really clever marketing strategy.

A: This is a very competitive market. We’ve got to come up with a few clever strategies in order to keep our place on top.

B: I think our main strength is with young consumers.

A:我覺得這主意不錯。價格在市場上是個重要的變量,所以我們可以利用價格建立顧客基數。如果顧客被我們的低價位所吸引,他們就會購買我們的牌子,并成為我們忠實的消費者。日后,創下銷售紀錄、打下良好的顧客基礎之后,再提高價格。

B:聽起來真是個聰明的銷售策略。

A:這是個充滿競爭的市場。必須想出幾個聰明的辦法來保持我們的領先地位。

B:我認為我們的優勢在于產品能吸引年輕顧客?!咀ⅰ縱ariable n. 變數

community n. 社區,團體

例:His wife has become a woman of some standing in the community. 他的妻子在社區中頗有地位。The money will go to finance a new community centre. 這些錢將用來資助新社區中心。

聽力擴展:

A: Would you like to join the Volunteers’League?

B: Do you think I’m crazy? I just quit the Student Council. I don’t want to be so busy. I gave up a good chance of getting scholarships for that。

A: Joining the Volunteers’League won’t take you much time. It only has activities on the weekends. Come on, you won’t regret about joining this club. It’s different from other student clubs or unions.

B: What’s the difference?

A: We can do something for the community in Beijing. Isn’t that special? You can also learn a lot in the Volunteers’League. You will have a chance to learn how to communicate, how to arrange an activity and how to cooperate with your group members.

B: Oh, it means that I will have a good chance to practice my Chinese. You win. Just tell me how to get enrolled for that club.

A:你想參加志愿者聯盟嗎?

B:你覺得我瘋了嗎?我剛從學生會退出來,我可不想那么忙了,我已經因為學生會的事兒放棄了獲獎學金的大好機會了。

A:加入志愿者聯盟不會占用你太多時間的,只是在周末有活動。來吧,參加這個社團你不會后悔的。同其他的學生社團或協會不一樣。

B:有什么不一樣???

A:我們可以為北京的社區做一些事情。是不是很特別?同時你也可以學到很多東西。你將有機會學習怎樣交流,怎樣組織安排活動,以及怎樣和隊友們合作。

B:哦,這就意味著我有機會練習漢語了。你把我說服了,告訴我怎么參加吧。

competition n. ①比賽 ②競爭

例:Because there is so much unemployment, the competition for jobs is fierce. 由于失業人數過多,職業競爭十分激烈。搭配:in competition with 和……競爭:We are in competition with 4 other companies for the contract. 我們在與其他四家公司競爭這項合同。拓展:compete v. 競爭

聽力擴展:Once upon a time, there was a crowd of frogs which were going to have a climbing competition, and the destination of which being the top of an extraordinarily high steel tower. A host of frogs were surrounding the steel tower, watching the competition and cheering for the competitors. At the beginning of the competition, frankly speaking, nearly no audience frogs believed that these little frogs could arrive at the top. They were talking about like this, “It is too difficult to reach the top! They surely can not arrive at the top! They can not be successful, because the tower is too high to climb!” After receiving those messages, frogs began to lose heart from one to another, and only a few passionate frogs were still climbing. However, the audience frogs still kept shouting, “It is too difficult and no one could reach the top!” More and more frogs became tired and quitted from the competition. Nonetheless, there was a frog still climbing higher and higher, which had no sense of giving up. It tried very hard and finally became the only winner who arrived at the top. One frog ran to ask the winner where the strength came from during the whole competition. He then finally found out that this frog was totally a deaf!從前,有一群青蛙,組織了一場攀爬比賽,比賽的終點是一座非常高的鐵塔的塔尖。一大群青蛙圍著鐵塔看比賽,給他們加油。比賽開始了,老實說,群蛙中沒有誰相信這些小小的青蛙會到達塔頂,他們都在議論:“這太難了!他們肯定到不了塔頂!他們絕不可能成功的,塔太高了!”聽到這些,一只又一只的青蛙開始泄氣了,只有情緒高漲的幾只還在往上爬。群蛙繼續喊著:“這太難了!沒有誰能爬上頂的!”越來越多的青蛙累壞了,退出了比賽。但有一只卻越爬越高,一點沒有放棄的意思。最后,它費了很大的勁,終于成為唯一一只到達塔頂的勝利者。一只青蛙跑上前去問勝利者它哪來那么大的力氣跑完全程。結果發現這只青蛙是個聾子!【注】extraordinarily ad. 非常地;frankly speaking 老實說

conclude v. ①結束 ②作出決定

例:Once the price had been agreed, a deal was quickly concluded. 價格一經商定,交易很快就達成了。From his appearance we may safely conclude that he is a chain smoker. 從他的外表看,我們可以有把握地斷定他煙抽得很兇。搭配:conclude with (使)結束,終止:The performance concluded with Stravinsky’s ‘Rite of Spring’. 演出以斯特拉文斯基的《春之祭》結束。拓展:conclusion n. 結論,結束

聽力擴展:Smile is the unaffected, unplanned, natural connection between people. I tell this story in my work because I’d like people to consider that underneath all the layers we construct to protect ourselves, our dignity, our titles, our degrees, our status and our need to be seen in certain ways―underneath all that remains the authentic, essential self. I’m not afraid to call it the soul. I really believe that if that part of you and that part of me could recognize each other, we wouldn’t be enemies. We couldn’t have hate or envy or fear. I sadly conclude that all those other layers, which we so carefully construct through our lives, distance and insulate us from truly contacting others.微笑是人與人之間最自然真摯的溝通方式。我在作品中講這個故事,是希望人們能仔細想想以下的事情:人常常為自己建立層層的?;つ?,為了維護尊嚴、頭銜、身份、形象等,而必須有所隱藏。我相信在這些掩飾下,每個人都有一個真實、不虛偽的靈魂。如果我們能用心靈去認識彼此,世間不會有結怨成仇的憾事;恨意、妒嫉、恐懼也會不復存在??上У氖?,人們小心翼翼為自己所建造的?;つ?,卻阻隔了自己與他人真誠相對的機會?!咀ⅰ縜uthentic a. 可信的;insulate v. 隔離

effective a. 有效的,有影響的

例:The president promised swift and effective retribution against the terrorists. 總統答應會迅速有效地懲??植婪腫?。Advertising is often the most effective method of promotion. 登廣告往往是最有效的推銷方式。拓展:effect n. 影響,結果;effectiveness n. 有效性

聽力擴展: Eagle is the world’s longest life expectancy of birds. It lives up to the age of 70. To live such a long life expectancy, at 40 years of age it must make a difficult but important decision. When the Hawks live up to the age of 40, its claws start aging, unable to effectively seize the prey. Its wings have become very heavy because its feathers grow thick and strong and make it very difficult to fly. There are only two options:die, or rebirth through a very painful update process of 150-day long training session.鷹是世界上平均壽命最長的鳥類,它可以活到70歲。為了長壽,40歲時,鷹必須做一個艱難但是重要的決定。鷹活到40歲時,爪子開始老化,再也不能有效地捕食。由于羽毛厚而壯,它們的翅膀變得非常笨重,難于飛翔。眼前只有兩條路:死亡,或者穿越一個痛苦的150天的磨礪,獲得重生。

employee n. 雇員

例:He found it very demeaning to have to work for his former employee. 他覺得要為他以前的雇員工作很失身份。拓展:employer n. 雇主,老板;employ v. 雇用

聽力擴展:

A: Nevertheless we need to make one decision. I recommend we accept the merger offer, as I agree with the reports findings that it would be better for the company in the longterm future.

B: But what do the other department managers think? Do we have unanimous agreement with this offer?

A: Yes, I believe we do.

B: Did you hold that employee meeting yesterday? What was the general reaction?

A: A majority believes that you should agree.

B: Well then, my decision must take into consideration the thoughts of my employees, so I will agree to it.

A:無論如何我們得做出決定。我建議我們接受合并提議。我同意報告的調查結果,合并符合公司長遠的利益。

B:但是其他部門主管怎么想?對于這個提議,大家都同意嗎?

A:是的。我想是的。

B:昨天你開員工大會了嗎?普遍的反應怎么樣?

A:大多數人認為你應該接受。

B:那好,我一定仔細考慮員工的意見再作決定。我會同意的。

【注】merger n. 合并,歸并;unanimous a. 意見一致的

enable v. 使……能夠,使可行

例:The software enables you to access the Internet in seconds. 這種軟件使你在幾秒鐘內便可訪問互聯網。Reading this book enables you to have a general idea about the country. 讀這本書能讓你對那個國家有個大體的了解。拓展:disable v. 使不可能

聽力擴展:Little Robert asked his mother for two cents. “What did you do with the money I gave you yesterday?” “I gave it to a poor old woman,” he answered. “Youre a good boy,” said the mother proudly. “Here are two cents more. But why are you so interested in the old woman?” “She is the one who enables corns to popcorn.”小羅伯特向媽媽要兩分錢?!白蛺旄愕那墑裁戳??”“我給了一個可憐的老婆婆,”他回答說?!澳閼媸歉齪煤⒆?,”媽媽驕傲地說?!霸俑懔椒智???贍鬮裁炊閱俏煥咸敲錘行巳つ??”“她是個賣爆米花的?!薄咀ⅰ縫opcorn n. 爆米花

encourage[nkrd] v. ①鼓勵,鼓舞 ②支持

例:Peter, my English teacher, never fails to encourage us to study hard. 我的英文老師彼得總是鼓勵我們要好好用功。High prices for farm products encouraged farming. 農產品價格的提高有助于農業發展。搭配:encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓勵某人做某事:Our parents are always encouraging us to be a decent person. 父母總是鼓勵我們做個正直的人。be encouraged at sth. 因某事而受到鼓舞:Terry is greatly encouraged at the famous guy’s achievement in charity. 泰瑞因那位名人在慈善事業上取得的成就而受到極大的鼓舞。拓展:encouragement n. 鼓勵,鼓舞

factor n. 因素,因子;v. 把……因素包括進去,作為因素

例:The determinate factor of our economy is to control inflation. 經濟的決定性因素是控制通貨膨脹。Don’t forget to factor in rushing hours when you figure the time you need to get there. 計算到達那個地方花費的時間時,別忘了考慮交通高峰。搭配:factor sth. in/into 把……因素包括進去: The accountant forgot factoring in bus fee when calculating the general costs. 計算總花費時,會計忘了考慮公共汽車費用。

聽力擴展:

Tina: Hi! Emma, long time no see. How was your life in England?

Emma: Is you, Tina! Im glad to see you. I was back to China a few days ago. I had a great time in my study in England. It is a beautiful country and the people there are very kind, although sometime I got myself embarrassed because of the different culture.

Tina: Really?Whats the exact difference between the west culture and the east culture? Could you give me some examples?

Emma: My pleasure! You never know how polite British people are in public places. Whatever they go to buy tickets or food, they all like to queue up! They comply so much with the public order. And all people in England think that honesty is an important factor to judge whether a person has good character or not. They hate liars!

蒂娜:艾瑪,好久不見了。在英國過得怎么樣?

艾瑪:是你呀,蒂娜。很高興見到你。我是前幾天回國的。 我在英國的學習很愉快,雖然有時因為文化的差異讓我成為笑柄,但是英國真的是個美麗的國家,英國人很友好。

蒂娜:真的嗎?西方文化和東方文化到底有什么不同呢?你能舉些例子嗎?

艾瑪:非常榮幸,你絕對沒想到英國人在公共場合多么有禮貌。無論是去買票還是買食物,他們都很遵守公共秩序,自覺排隊。 人們普遍認為誠實與否是衡量一個人是否具有良好素質的重要因素,說謊者在當地是不受歡迎的。

【注】queue up 排隊;comply with 服從,遵從

feature n. ①特征 ②容貌

例:The personification of evil as a devil is a feature of medieval painting. 用魔鬼象征罪惡是中世紀繪畫的特色。Wet weather is a feature of life in this area. 天氣潮濕是這個地區的特點。搭配:feature…as… 以……為特色:The film features Anthony Hopkins as Picasso. 這部電影由安東尼?霍普金斯扮演畢加索。feature in 起重要作用:Olive oil and garlic feature prominently in his recipes. 橄欖油和大蒜在他的食譜中顯得很重要。拓展:featured a. 有……的面貌特征的

聽力擴展:

A: Do you know what the main feature the Sydney Olympics is?

B: Of course, I know. Environmental protection.

A: Do you know when IOC put forward the issue of environmental protection?

B: Sorry, I have no idea about it.

A: Let me tell you. In 1991, at that time, Sydney put forward the slogan “environmental protection”, thus, it won the bid.

B: What a nice memory! Oh, I know that Beijing and Sydney bid for the Olympic Games together.

A: Yeah, Sydney had five strategies: save energy, save water, reduce trash, prevent pollution, and protect the environment.

B: They have racked their brain.

A:你知道悉尼奧運會有什么特點嗎?

B:我當然知道?;繁0?!

A:你知道國際奧委會在哪一年提出環保問題的嗎?

B:抱歉,我還真不知道。

A:我告訴你,是1991年。當時,悉尼正是打出“環保牌”才贏得申辦權的。

B:好記性!噢,我知道那時北京和悉尼一起參加申奧。

A:不錯,悉尼有五大戰略,即:節能、節水、減少垃圾、防止污染與?;せ肪?。

B:他們可謂絞盡腦汁?!咀ⅰ?rack ones brain 絞盡腦汁

focus n. 焦點,焦距;v. 集中,聚集

例:Bring the object into focus if you want a sharp photograph. 要照出清晰的照片,就要把焦點對準物體。搭配:focus on 集中于……:The discussion focused on three main problems. 討論集中在三個主要問題上。In this scene, the camera focuses on the actor’s face. 在這個鏡頭中,攝影機對準演員的臉部。拓展:focused a. 聚集的

聽力擴展:

A: Did you know that Obama won the Nobel Peace Prize?

B: Yes. The Nobel Committee must be crazy; they really made a wrong decision.

A: Why?

B: You know no presidents can be a real pacifist; they can only focus on their own nation’s benefits.

A: Maybe you are right, but I think the Committee made a wise decision.

B: How did you get this conclusion?

A: The Nobel Committee compelled Obama to be a pacifist by conferring the prize on him. So the world can be really peaceful.

B: It is interesting. It seems that it’s Tripitaka’s Curse.

A: Yes, the Nobel Peace Prize is an inhibiting magic phrase.

B: It looks like I should support the decision.

A:你知道奧巴馬獲得諾貝爾和平獎了嗎?

B:嗯,諾貝爾委員會一定是瘋了,他們真是做錯決定了。

A:為什么?

B:你知道,沒有哪個總統是真正的和平主義者的,他們只看重本國的利益。

A:也許你是對的,但是我覺得諾貝爾委員會的決定是明智的。

B:你怎么會這么認為呢?

A:諾貝爾委員會通過這個獎項迫使奧巴馬成為和平主義者,這樣世界就能真正和平了。

B:真有趣,聽起來就像是三藏的緊箍咒。

A:對啊,諾貝爾和平獎就是緊箍咒。

B:看來我應該支持這個決定了。

【注】pacifist n. 和平主義者;Tripitaka’s Curse 三藏的緊箍咒;inhibiting a. 約束的

function n. 功能;v. 運行,起作用

例:The machine won’t function properly if you don’t oil it well. 如果不給機器加油, 它就無法正常運轉。搭配:function as sb./sth. 起……作用,具有……功能:I need money to be able to function as an artist. 有錢才能成為藝術家。

given a. ①傾向于,② 贈予的;prep. 如果有,假如

例:After 10 years in prison, he was given his freedom. 他在監獄服刑10年后獲釋。Given the same treatment again, he is sure to get well. 如果照樣再給他治療一次,他肯定會痊愈。

聽力擴展:

A: By the courtesy of Mr. Johnson, we are given to understand the name and address of your company. If it is not too much trouble, we look forward to our tour for your firm, and moreover, we would like to talk to some of the technicians.

B: Thanks for your calling. Please let me know when you are free; we will arrange the tour for you in advance.

A: Thank you very much; I’ll give you a call this afternoon.

B: That’s for sure. I believe that you will know our products better after the visit.

A:承蒙約翰先生的介紹,我們得知貴公司的名稱和地址。如果不是太麻煩的話,我們盼著參觀你們的工廠,并想與技術員交流交流。

B:謝謝你的來電。請告訴我你們什么時候有空,我們好提前作安排。

A:非常感謝,今天下午我會給你電話確認。

B:就這么定了。我相信,參觀之后你會對我們的產品更加了解。

identify v. ①識別,認明 ②覺得與……有聯系

例:She identified that the man was her attacker. 她認出那個男人就是襲擊過她的人。One can not identify happiness with wealth. 幸福和財富不能混為一談。搭配:identify with sb. 諒解,同情:I couldnt enjoy the book because I couldnt identify with any of the main characters. 我不喜歡這本書,因為我無法與其中的任何主要角色產生共鳴。identify as 確認,認出:The bodies were identified as two suspected drug dealers. 尸體已被辨認,原來是兩名毒販嫌疑人。拓展:identification n. 鑒定,辨認,確定

importance n. 重要(性),重大

例:He has an exaggerated idea of his own importance. 他自視過高。He emphasized the importance of careful driving. 他強調小心駕駛的重要性。搭配:attach importance to 重視:The police officer attached great importance to finding out the criminal at the meeting. 警官在會上高度強調抓捕罪犯的重要性。

聽力擴展: In my opinion, to protect environment, the government must take even more concrete measures. First, it should let people fully realize the importance of environmental protection through education. Second, much more efforts should be made to put the population planning policy into practice, because more people mean more pollution. Finally, those who destroy the environment intentionally should be severely punished. We should let them know that destroying environment means destroying mankind themselves.我的看法是,為了?;せ肪?,政府應當采取更具體的措施。首先,應當通過教育的方法使人們充分認識到環境?;さ鬧匾?。第二,應更加努力地把計劃生育政策付諸實施,因為人口多就意味著污染嚴重。最后,嚴懲故意破壞環境者。要讓他們明白破壞環境就是毀滅人類自己。

improvement n. 改進,改善

例:The humanitarian scientist called on the improvement of the poor’s living condition. 這位人道主義科學家呼吁改善窮人的生活條件。I see little prospect of an improvement in his condition. 我看他的情況不會有什么改善。搭配:improvement in/on/to 改善,改進:There is still room for improvement in your work. 你的工作尚有改善的余地。This is a great improvement on your previous work. 你的工作比先前有很大進步。

聽力擴展:

A: I saw a photo on internet just now; it’s a photo of a big family.

B: There must be many people in it.

A: Yeah, 150 members of Gao in De Chang county took the photo.

B: How great the family is!

A: It includes five generations from the aged to babies.

B: It’s rare to see such a big family.

A: Yeah, it was the first time to gather together for them since 600 years.

B: They were offered the opportunity because of the improvement of our living standards.

A: Yeah, dramatic changes have taken place in the big family in a hundred years.

B: They must be so excited.

A:剛剛在網上看到一張照片,是一個大家庭的全家福。

B:照片里肯定有很多人吧。

A:是的,德昌縣高家150多人拍成了“百人全家?!?。

B:真是個龐大的家庭??!

A:五代人同照,從耄耋老人到吃奶的嬰兒。

B:這么大的家庭在世界上很少見呢。

A:是啊,這也是高家600年來全家人第一次聚會。

B:現在生活水平提高了,為他們提供了這次機會。

A:是的,這個大家庭在百年里發生了翻天覆地的變化。

B:他們一定都很高興。

indicate v. ①顯示,指示 ②指明,表明

例:He indicated his willingness with a nod of his head. 他點頭表示愿意。Research indicates that men find it easier to give up smoking than women. 研究表明,男人比女人更容易戒煙。搭配:indicate…to sb. 指……給某人:She took out a map and indicated the quickest route to us. 她拿出一張地圖,給我們指出最近的路線。拓展:indication n. 表明,指示;indicator n. 指示者

聽力擴展: In the Three Kingdoms Period, during a battle between Cao Cao and Liu Bei, the latter ordered his generals Zhao Yun and Huang Zhong to capture Cao Cao’s supplies. Cao Cao led a large force against Zhao Yun, who retreated as far as the gates of his camp. There, he ordered that the banners be lowered and the war drums silenced, and that the camp gates be left wide open. Zhao Yun then stationed his troops in ambush nearly. When Cao Cao arrived and saw the situation, he immediately suspected a trap and withdrew his forces. This idiom (Yan Qi Xi Gu) is nowadays used to indicate halting an attack or ceasing all activities.三國時代,曹操與劉備交戰。劉備命令大將趙云、黃忠去搶奪曹操的糧食。曹操帶領大軍追趕趙云。趙云邊打邊退,一直退到營寨前。趙云命令士兵打開營門,放倒軍旗,停止擂鼓,在營外設好埋伏。曹軍追到,看到這種情景,懷疑有埋伏,就撤退了?!百繞煜⒐摹閉飧齔捎鏘衷謨美幢扔魍V構セ骰蛘呤慮櫓兄??!咀ⅰ縞amp n. 營寨,帳篷;ambush n. 埋伏;withdrew v. (withdraw的過去時) 撤退

influence v. 影響,感化;n. 影響力,影響

例:His parents no longer have any real influence over him. 他的父母對他不再有任何真正的約束力了。Don’t let me influence your decision. 不要讓我影響你的決定。Listening to the music has a calming influence on her. 聽音樂對她起了一種鎮靜的作用。搭配:influence on/upon 影響,作用;拓展:influence over 支配力,控制力 influential a. 有影響的,有勢力的

聽力擴展: I had just pulled over someone for driving under the influence when another car pulled up behind us. I stopped what I was doing and walked back to see if the driver needed assistance. “No, I don’t need any help,” he said. Then, pointing to the alarming light on the roof of my police wagon, he continued, “I just stopped for the red light.”我剛剛把一個酒后駕駛的司機的車攔了下來,一輛車就緊跟著停在了我的車后面。我停下手上的工作,徑直走到后面的車那里,看看那位司機是否需要幫助?!拔頤皇?,我不需要什么幫助”,他說。接著,他指著我警車上閃著的紅色警燈,“看到紅燈,所以我停下來了?!薄咀ⅰ縰nder the influence 醉酒;police wagon 警車

knowledge n. ① 知識 ②了解

例:She has a detailed knowledge of this period. 她對這段時期的情況相當了解。搭配:to one’s knowledge 據某人所知:To my knowledge, they get on well with each other. 據我所知,他們相處得很融洽。come to one’s knowledge 被某人知道,被某人獲悉:It has come to our knowledge that you have been taking time off without permission. 我們了解到你們時常未經允許就不上班。拓展:knowledgeable a. 知識淵博的,有見識的

聽力擴展: Once upon a time there was a small island on which lived Happy, Sad, Knowledge and Love. One day, feeling that the island was about to sink, they were ready to ship, leaving the island. Only Love to stay, she wanted to hold on until the last minute. After a few days, the small island really sank, and Love would like to be helped. At this time, Rich, riding on a ship, passed by. Love said, “Rich, you can take me away?” Rich replied, “No, I’m on board many of the treasures of gold and silver, not your position.” Sad came over. Love asked for help, “Sad, let me go with you!” “Oh. Love, I am sad too, and want to stay for a while a person!” replied Sad. Happy passed, but she was too happy, and did not hear Love! All of a sudden, a voice, “Come! Love, I take you away.” This is an elderly person. More than happy, Love forgot to ask his name. On land, the elderly walked away alone. Love asked Knowledge of an elderly person, “Who is helping me?” “He is the time.” replied the elderly Knowledge. “Time?” Love asked, “Why does he help me?” Knowledge of the elderly smiled, “Only time will understand how great love is.”從前有一個小島,上面住著快樂、悲哀、知識和愛。一天,得知小島快要下沉了,大家都準備船只離開小島。只有愛留了下來,她想堅持到最后一刻。過了幾天,小島真的要下沉了,愛想請人幫忙。這時,富裕乘著一艘大船經過。愛說:“富裕,你能帶我走嗎?”富裕答道:“不,我的船上有許多金銀財寶,沒有你的位置?!北Ч戳?,愛向她求助:“悲哀,讓我跟你走吧!”“哦,愛,我實在太悲哀了,想自己一個人呆一會!”悲哀答道??燉腫吖納肀?,但是她太快樂了,竟然沒有聽到愛在叫她!突然,一個聲音傳來:“過來!愛,我帶你走?!閉饈且晃懷ふ?。愛大喜過望,竟忘了問他的名字。登上陸地以后,長者獨自走開了。愛對長者感恩不盡,問知識老人:“幫我的那個人是誰?”“他是時間?!敝獨先舜鸕??!笆奔??”愛問道,“為什么他要幫我?”知識老人笑道:“因為只有時間才能理解愛有多么偉大?!?br />
local a. ①地方性的,當地的 ②局部的

例:I suggest that he put an advertisement in the local paper. 我建議他在當地的報紙上登條廣告。He provided local delicacies for his guests’meal. 他用當地的美味佳肴來招待客人。拓展:locality n. 位置,地點

聽力擴展: An elderly woman and her little grandson whose face was sprinkled with bright freckles spent the day at the zoo. Lots of children were waiting in line to get their cheeks painted by a local artist who was decorating them with tiger paws. “You’ve got so many freckles there’s no place to paint!” a girl in the line said to the little fellow. Embarrassed, the little boy dropped his head. His grandmother knelt down next to him. “I love your freckles. When I was a little girl I always wanted freckles”, she said while tracing her finger across the childs cheek, “Freckles are beautiful.” The boy looked up, “Really?” “Of course,” said the grandmother, “Just name me one thing that’s prettier than freckles in me.” The little boy thought for a moment, peering intensely into his grandma’s face, and softly whispered, “Wrinkles.”一位老太太和她長滿雀斑的小孫子一起在動物園里游玩。很多小孩都在排隊等候一位當地的藝術家在他們臉上畫出虎爪的造型?!澳懔成險餉炊噯赴?,都沒地方畫了!”隊列中有個女孩兒對小男孩說。小男孩感到很難堪,就低下頭。奶奶蹲下來對他說:“我喜歡你的雀斑,我小時候總想長這些雀斑呢,”她撫摩著男孩的臉頰,“雀斑很美麗!” 男孩抬起頭,“真的嗎?”“當然是真的,”奶奶說,“你看我身上還有什么比雀斑更美麗呢?” 小男孩想了一下,又認真地凝視著奶奶的面孔,小聲地說:“皺紋?!薄咀ⅰ縡reckle n. 雀斑;wrinkle n. 皺紋

maintain[menten] v. 維持,堅持

例:Mankind has been trying every means to maintain the balance of nature. 人類想方設法維持生態平衡。拓展:maintenance n. 維護,生活費

聽力擴展:

A: I also dislike having to listen to advertisements when they are broadcast in stores or on the subway.

B: I couldn’t agree more. That annoys me too. With billboards, you can look away, but with broadcasts, you can’t avoid them.

A: Do you like the way that advertising agencies use comedy in their campaign?

B: I suppose I do. I don’t like the way that advertising campaign often tells you if you don’t buy a certain product, you’re not cool or modern or something.

A: That kind of advertising seems to be very common with brand name products. They are always trying to maintain brand loyalty.

A:我不喜歡聽商店和地鐵里面播放的廣告。

B:我完全同意。我也討厭那種廣告。如果是廣告牌,你可以不看它;但是廣播,你卻沒法兒不聽。

A: 你喜歡廣告宣傳里面的幽默嗎?

B:喜歡。我不喜歡那種老是告訴你,如果你不買某個產品,你就不夠酷,不夠時尚之類的廣告宣傳。

A:品牌產品常常這樣,它們總是想讓人們忠實于品牌?!咀ⅰ縝illboards n. 廣告牌

nature n. ①自然,自然界,自然狀態 ② 本性,性質

例:Cats and dogs have quite different natures—dogs like company, and cats are independent. 貓和狗的習性迥異——狗喜歡有伴兒,貓愛獨來獨往。It’s her nature to be generous. 慷慨大方是她的天性。搭配:in nature 性質上,本質上:The liberation of the whole nation in 1949 was a great change in nature. 1949年的全國解放是本質上的改變。in the nature of sth. 與……類似,以……風格:His speech is in the nature of an apology. 他講的話就算是道歉。拓展:natural a. 自然的,自然界的

聽力擴展:

W: Mike, come and look at this painting of shrimps! It is so simple yet so vivid!

M: Yeah. It is incredible! Is it the work of Qi Baishi?

W: Yes, it is. How do you know that?

M: Well, Qi is famous all over the world, isn’t he? Besides I am quite interested in Chinese painting.

W: Cool! What kind of Chinese painting do you prefer, Xie Yi or Gong Bi?

M: I prefer Xie Yi painting, especially the landscape paintings. I can always sense peace and harmony from those landscape paintings.

W: That’s true. Chinese art stresses the harmony between Man and Nature, which is an important part of Chinas traditional culture.

女:邁克,快來看這幅蝦戲圖!簡單但卻非常生動!

男:是啊。簡直令人難以置信! 這是齊白石的作品嗎?

女:是的。你怎么知道的?

男:這個嘛,齊白石世界聞名,不是嗎? 而且我對中國畫很感興趣。

女:你真棒!寫意和工筆兩種中國畫,你更喜歡哪種?

男:我更喜歡寫意畫,尤其是風景畫。風景畫能讓人體味平靜與和諧。

女:的確如此。中國藝術強調人與自然的和諧,這也是中國傳統文化的重要組成部分?!咀ⅰ縮hrimp n. 小蝦;incredible a. 難以置信的

physical a. ①身體的 ②物理的 ③物質的

例:Physical disability causes mental anguish. 生理傷殘會引起心理苦悶。Staying up late makes him at his worst in terms of physical situation. 熬夜使得他的體力狀況處于低潮。拓展:physics n. 物理學;physician n. 醫師

聽力擴展:

A: I’ve heard some friends say when they get the article, it’s quite different from what they see on the website advertisement.

B: That happens. Without close quality examination, we may encounter fraud, and the e-shop may suddenly disappear.

A: What’s more, it’s not always so safe for us to pay online as hackers might steal the user name and password.

B: It’s said that some measures have been taken to deal with this problem. Paying online is much safer than before, but I still have the feeling that it’s not safe enough.

A: I can’t agree more. That’s why I only do street shopping.

B: Me too. Sometimes I surf online shops to check some related information, and then go to a physical store to do the actual shopping.

A: That’s a good idea.

A:我聽朋友說,網上買到的東西和網站廣告上看到的很不一樣。

B:確實有這種事,不好好檢查質量,可能會買到假貨,網店也沒準兒突然消失。

A:而且網上付費有時也不安全,黑客可能會偷走用戶名和密碼。

B:聽說已經采取措施解決這個問題了。現在網上付費比以前安全多了,但我還是覺得不夠安全。

A:你說得太對了,所以我只在實體店買東西。

B:我也是。有時候我會逛逛網店,查一下產品信息,然后到實體店里去買。

A:這法兒不錯?!咀ⅰ縠ncounter v. 遇到,相遇;fraud n. 欺騙,騙子;hacker n. 電腦黑客

positive a. 肯定的,積極的,正面的;n. 優點

例:He was positive that he had seen it in the newspaper. 他肯定曾在報紙上看見過這則報道。There is positive proof that he did it. 有確切的證據證明他做了此事。Take your weaknesses and translate them into positives. 把自己的弱點轉變成優點。搭配:positive about 自信的,樂觀的:She tried to be more positive about her new job. 她力求對新工作更有信心。拓展:position n. 位置,立場

professional a. 職業的,專業的;n. 專業人員

例:Don’t wear those clothes to work; try to look more professional! 別穿這些衣服去工作, 要穿得像個專業人員的樣子。She is a real professional. 她是個真正的專家。拓展:profession n. 職業

聽力擴展:

A: I saw the most powerful freshman yesterday.

B: What was it?

A: The girl took Lincoln to register with 19 suitcases.

B: Unbelievable!

A: What seems more exaggerated; two professional guides were arranged by her parents.

B: Must be from a rich family.

A: Yeah, the parents also required the school to arrange a detached dormitory with washroom.

B: Words failed me, really be hopeless!

A:昨天我看到一個最牛的新生。

B:怎么回事?

A:這個大一女生坐加長林肯,并攜帶了19箱行李報到。

B:簡直難以置信。

A:更夸張的是,家長還給她配備了兩名專職導游。

B:一定是個富家女。

A:是的,家長還要求學校給女兒安排一間獨立的帶衛生間的寢室。

B:我對此無話可說了,簡直無藥可救!

【注】exaggerated a. 夸大的,夸張的;detached a. 分開的,分離的

project n. 工程,計劃;v. ①計劃,設計 ②表達 ③伸出,突出

例:The project became so expensive that we had to pull out. 項目耗資太大,我們只好退出。He planted some flowers on the balcony that projects over the street. 他在探出的陽臺上種了些花。搭配:project oneself 展現,表現,確立(好形象):She projects an air of calm selfconfidence. 她表現出鎮定自若的神態。拓展:projection n. 推測,設想;projector n. 放映機,投影儀

聽力擴展:

Jack: We’ve been here for three hours, and we havent finished a thing yet.

Mike: Look. I wrote the story, so I know what to do.

Jack: But you’re not telling people their roles.

Mike: I’m resting now. I’ll direct everybody in a minute.

Jack: You’re the laziest person I’ve ever met. We have to practice or else we won’t win like the last three years in a row.

Mike: Whatever. I’m going for a drink.

Jack: Damn it, Mike! We have to get this done! We don’t have much time left. You ruined the whole project.

Mike: Whatever you may say.

杰克:我們已經在這兒三個小時了,什么也沒做成。

邁克:看,劇本是我寫的,我知道該干嘛。

杰克:但是你沒告訴別人他們的角色。

邁克:我現在在休息,我很快就可以搞定一切。

杰克:你是我見過的最懶的人。我們必須得練習,不然就不可能像過去三年那樣一直奪冠了。

邁克:隨便你,我得喝點兒東西。

杰克:搞什么鬼。邁克!我們必須弄好這些!我們沒時間了,你搞砸了整個計劃。

邁克:隨便你怎么說。

range n. 范圍;v. ①歸類于 ②延伸,漫游

例:The childrens ages range from 8 to 15. 孩子們的年齡在8歲到15歲之間。Several cars are available within this price range. 在這個價格范圍內,有好幾種汽車可供選購。搭配:in/within the range of 在可及的范圍內:He shouted angrily at anyone within range. 他看見誰,就對誰喊。out of range 超出……的范圍:The cat stayed well out of range of the children. 這只貓離孩子很遠。range over 涉及:His lecture ranged over a number of topics. 他的講座涉及多個話題。

聽力擴展: With the development of science and technology, there has been a boom in the ways for us to get information. But reading books still remains essential to the acquisition of knowledge. The forms of reading may differ from person to person. Some prefer to read selectively rather than read extensively. To them, the range of knowledge is so wide that its beyond their reach to cover every field. With purposeful reading, much of their time and energy will be saved.隨著科學技術的發展,人們有了更多獲取信息的方法。但是,讀書對于獲取知識仍是必不可少的。讀書的方式因人而異。一些人喜歡有選擇性地閱讀,而不是廣泛閱讀。對他們來說,知識的范圍如此之廣,它無法涵蓋各個領域。有目的地閱讀,可以節省很多時間和精力?!咀ⅰ縜cquisition n. 獲得,獲得物;beyond reach 達不到

relationship n. 關系,關聯

例:In view of our long-standing relationship, we agree to allow you a discount. 鑒于長期的合作關系, 我方同意給你方折扣。Mike is rather timid with women, so Sue has to make all the running in their relationship. 邁克在女子面前很靦腆, 所以蘇珊只好對邁克主動一些。relationship with 關系,聯系:She has a close relationship with her sister. 她和她妹妹非常親密。拓展:relation n. 關系,聯系;relate v. 聯系,使有聯系

reward n. ①報酬,報答 ②賞金;v. 給……報酬,獎賞

例:You have received a just reward. 你已得到了應有的報酬。They rewarded the winners with gifts of fruits and flowers. 他們獎給優勝者一些水果和鮮花。搭配:reward for 獎勵,回報,報酬:You deserve a reward for being so helpful. 你幫了這么大的忙,理應受到回報。reward sb. for 獎勵,獎賞:She was rewarded for her efforts with a cash bonus. 她因自己的努力而獲得一筆獎金。拓展:award n. 獎品v. 授予,獎勵

聽力擴展: A naval officer fell overboard. He was rescued by a deck hand. The officer asked how he could reward him. “The best way, sir,” said the deckhand, “is to say nothing about it. If other fellows knew I’d pulled you out, they’d throw me in.”一名海軍軍官從甲板上掉入海中。他被一名甲板水手救起。這位軍官問如何才能酬謝他。 “最好的辦法,長官,”這名水手說,“是別聲張這事。如果其他人知道我救了您,他們會把我扔下去的?!薄咀ⅰ縩aval a. 海軍的;deckhand n. 水手

science n. 科學

例:He started to study ecology and decided to devote his whole life to the science. 他開始研究生態學,并決心將他的一生獻身于這門科學。

聽力擴展:

A: “I’ll prepare a hundred coffins, 99 for corrupt officials and one for myself.” Who said so impressive words?

B: Of course our former premier Zhu Rongji.

A: Really? I like him very much!

B:“My criticism is sometimes too severe and that is not good.” he once said, “But why do you have to wait until your leader flies into a rage before starting to do your work? It’s not that you can’t do it, rather that you won’t do it.”

A: Although he graduated from a prestigious university of science and engineering—Tsinghua University in Beijing and majored in electrical engineering, he is smart at words.

B: Yes, and he also has a good command of English. He is rarely seen speaking from a script. His eloquent speech has always retained the attention of his listeners.

A:“我已經準備好了一百口棺材,九十九副留給貪官,一副留給我自己!”是誰說了這么令人敬佩的話?

B:當然是我們的前總理朱镕基了。

A:真的嗎?我非常喜歡他!

B:“我有時批評過于嚴厲,這不是很好?!彼倒?,“但為什么要等到領導暴跳如雷之后,才開始做你的工作呢?這并不是你不能做,而是你不做?!?br />
A:雖然他畢業于著名的理工科大學——清華大學,學習電氣工程,但卻善于言辭。

B:是的,朱總理英語水平也很高。他很少看著講稿發言,他雄辯的演說始終吸引著聽眾?!咀ⅰ縞orrupt a. 腐敗的;script n. 腳本

sense n. ①感官,感覺 ②理智,意義

例:I hope she soon sees sense and stops fighting a battle she cannot win. 我希望她能很快明白過來,別再打這場打不贏的仗了。in a sense 從某種意義上說:In a sense it doesn’t matter any more. 從某種意義上說,這件事已經無關緊要了。搭配:make sense 有意義,明智:What she has said so far does not make any sense. 到目前為止,她說的話沒有任何意義。拓展:sensation n. 感覺,知覺;sensitive a. 敏感的;sensible a. 明智的

聽力擴展: A mole, a creature blind from birth, once said to his Mother, “I am sure that I can see, Mother!” In the desire to prove to him his mistake, his Mother placed before him a few grains of frankincense, and asked, “What is it?” The young Mole said, “It is a pebble.” His Mother exclaimed,“My son, I am afraid that you are not only blind, but that you have lost your sense of smell.”鼴鼠的眼睛一出生便是瞎的,可小鼴鼠卻對媽媽說,“媽媽,我能看得見?!彼杪柘脛っ魎拇砦?,便拿來一小塊香噴噴的食物,放在他面前,問道:“它是什么?”小鼴鼠說,“小石頭?!蹦蓋拙埃骸鞍?,不幸的孩子,你不但眼睛看不見,連嗅覺也沒有了?!薄咀ⅰ縨ole n. 鼴鼠;frankincense n. 乳香

statement n. 聲明,陳述

例:The purport of the statement is that the firm is bankrupt. 該項聲明大意是說該商行已破產。statement on/about 聲明,陳述:The prime minister is expected to issue a statement on the policy change this afternoon. 人們預計首相將在今天下午就政策的改變發表聲明。拓展:state v. 陳述,聲明

聽力擴展:

A: Management wants you to make the public announcement tomorrow afternoon.

B: Me? But I’m the worst speechmaker though!

A: Come on! Don’t be modest. You’ve done this a thousand times before!

B: That doesn’t mean I have to like it. Has the necessary statement already been prepared?

A: Yes. I will bring it to you as soon as I print off a copy.

A:管理層想要你明天下午做發布會。

B:我嗎?但是我是最差的演講者??!

A:沒關系的!不要謙虛啦,之前你已經做過1000次了!

B:那并不意味著我必須喜歡它,必要的聲明已經準備好了嗎?

A:準備好了。一打印出來,我就給你拿過來。

status n. ①地位,身份 ②情形,狀況

例:He only bought the yacht as a status symbol, for he hates sailing. 他買游艇只是為了顯示身份,其實他根本不喜歡玩游艇。My promotion brings into question the status of certain other members of staff. 提升我后某些職員的地位就成了問題。拓展:state n. 情形,狀況

聽力擴展:A man was hit by a cab in the street. He was brought to the hospital. His wife who was standing up by his bed wanted to know his status and said to the doctor, “I think that he is very ill.” “I am afraid that he is dead.” said the doctor. Hearing this, the man moved his head and said, “I’m not dead. I’m still alive.” “Be quiet,” said the wife, “The doctor knows better than you!”一個男人在街上被出租車撞倒送進了醫院。他的妻子站在他的床前對醫生說:“我想他傷得很厲害?!幣繳擔骸翱峙濾丫懶??!碧揭繳幕?,這個男人轉動著頭說:“我沒死,我還活著?!逼拮鈾擔骸鞍簿?,醫生
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